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The caption html tag – Websites by Mark

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The caption html tag

Overview

The <caption> HTML tag is used to specify a title for a HTML Table. It can only be used once per table and the <caption> tag must appear immediately after the <table> tag. It works equally as well in table based layouts as well as CSS based ones. When text is put between the opening and closing <caption> tag it is displayed as a table caption text.

Basic Usage

<caption>Some table caption text in here</caption>

Any text between the opening and closing tag will be displayed as table caption text.

Advance Usage

It is possible to style and add functionality to the <caption> tag, this is done by adding an attribute to after the caption in the opening <caption> tag

Attributes allowed for the <caption>tag include :-class, dir, id, lang, style and title.

In most cases class and id are used and its basic usage is shown below

<caption id=”header”>Some table caption text</caption>

With all attributes there is a space after the initial caption then the attribute name, then an equal’s sign and the identifier of the attribute in double quotes.

Both id and class attributes refer to CSS styling of the element and is either stored in the <head> of the webpage on in an external file.

With id this usually refers to a single instance on a page where as class usually refers to a repeating element on a page, it is for this reason for the <caption> tag may use either the id or class as an attribute.

The attribute style allows you to include CSS style information for a single <caption> tag.

The dir attribute allows for left reading and right reading text, lang allows you to specify a language for the tag and title allows you to include extra information for a tag.

It is possible to attach scripts to tags, as well adding functionality to a webpage, these scripts tend to be written in JavaScript and therefore outside the scope of this document

Examples

<caption>Some table caption text</caption> – basic usage example.

<caption id=”header”>Some table caption text</caption> – table caption text which is styled by the id header.

<caption class=”header”> Some table caption text </caption> – table caption text which is styled by the class header.

<caption id =”header” class=”header”> Some table caption text </caption> – table caption text which is styled by the class header and the id header.

<caption style=”color:#F00;”>Some table caption text</caption> – table caption text which has a custom colour of red.

<caption dir=”rtl”>Some table caption text</caption> – table caption text where the text reads from right to left.

<caption lang=”uk”>Some table caption text</caption> – table caption text where the language has been tagged as UK.

<caption title=”title”>Some table caption text</caption> – table caption text where the tag has been titled title.

Final Thoughts

Touching on just the surface of the <caption> HTML tag it is easy to see how versatile it is. To take full advantage of it an understanding of CSS is an advantage.