By default body text in a HTML document is aligned left, by using the <center> HTML tag you can make the text appeared centered within its surrounding tag. It is a widely used tags in HTML today. It works equally as well in table based layouts as well as CSS based ones. It was often used in the past to centre the content of <div> tags, but this is now usually dealt with purely in CSS. As with all older HTML tags it can be used in situations where consistancy between browsers is difficalt to acheive in other ways. When text is put between the opening and closing <center> tag it is displayed as a center text.
<center>Some center text in here</center>
Any text between the opening and closing tag will be displayed as a center text.
It is possible to style and add functionality to the <center> tag, this is done by adding an attribute to after the p in the opening <center> tag
Attributes allowed for the <center>tag include :-class, dir, id, lang, style and title.
In most cases class and id are used and its basic usage is shown below
<center id=”header”>Some center text</center>
With all attributes there is a space after the initial p then the attribute name, then an equal’s sign and the identifier of the attribute in double quotes.
Both id and class attributes refer to CSS styling of the element and is either stored in the <head> of the webpage on in an external file.
With id this usually refers to a single instance on a page where as class usually refers to a repeating element on a page, it is for this reason for the <center> tag may use either the id or class as an atribute.
The attribute style allows you to include css style information for a single <center> tag.
The dir attribute allows for left reading and right reading text, lang allows you to specify a language for the tag and title allows you to include extra information for a tag.
<center>Some center text</center> – basic usage example.
<center id=”header>Some center text</center> – center text which is styled by the id header.
<center class=”headerclass”> Some center text </center> – center text which is styled by the class headerclass.
<center id =”header” class=”headerclass”> Some center text </center> – center text which is styled by the class headerclass and the id header.
<center style="color:#F00">Some center text</center> – center text which has a custom colour of red.
<center dir="rtl">Some center text</center> – center text where the text reads from right to left.
<center lang="uk">Some center text</center> – center text where the language has been tagged as UK.
<center title="ptitle">Some center text</center> – center text where the tag has been titled ptitle.
Touching on just the surface of the <center> HTML tag it is easy to see how versatile it is. To take full advantage of it an understanding of CSS is an advantage.